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line and staff organization

Staff managers and line managers are distinguished on the basis of their role. The direct relationship is prevailing between the sub-ordinate and immediate superior.5. A c lear chain o f co mmand . These theories view decision-making power as flowing from a unified command structure. Staff members are advisors. Clarifying supervisory relationships reduces organizational dysfunction and increases effectiveness. Staff and line are names given to different types of functions in organizations. 3. 1. Updates? By this method, specialisation is attained. They provide technical information, advice, and opinions. Staff groups are therefore responsible to their appropriate line units. The line functions also generate revenue for the organization. It is also known as the chain of command or scalar principle. Line-staff organization, in management, approach in which authorities (e.g., managers) establish goals and directives that are then fulfilled by staff and other workers. To understand this structure, we first need to understand what “staff” means in this context. This naturally leads to power struggles between line and staff. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Emory University. Line organization is the most oldest and simplest method of administrative organization. They may be able to authorize certain activities, and they might compile reports that help with decision-making.This type of organizational structure works best for companies in specialist fields. However, as organizations grow in scope and complexity, they need to be flexible in the extent to which coordination and control are centrally applied. Line and staff organization is a modification of line organization and it is more complex than line organization. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Line and staff functions have built-in inherent conflicts that management has to reconcile to have a smooth-running organization. The line of command is carried out from top to bottom. If the beneficiaries are employees, then it is a staff function. A "staff function" supports the organization with specialized advisory and support functions. Line and Staff Organization Line and staff organization is a modification of line organization and it is more complex than line organization. According to this administrative organization, specialized and supportive activities are attached to the line of command by appointing staff supervisors and staff specialists who are … Line and staff organisation introduces specialization in a systematic manner. Characteristics of line organization are listed below.1. Division of work and specialization takes place in line and staff organization. Staff elements are those which have responsibility and authority for providing advice and service to the line in the … One of the most common forms of organization within police departments is the line and staff system, in which duties are divided amongst those with general skills and those designated to support them. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. There are numerous ways to structure jobs within an organization, but two of the most basic forms include simple line structures and line-and-staff … Line workers are on the front line of a business, handling the core corporate functions while staff workers play a support role and handle the behind-the-scenes work. Line and Staff Organization– Types of Staff, Functions of Staff Authority, Advantages and Disadvantages. © Management Study Guide This is where we come up with a perfect combination to avoid these limitations, i.e. In this article, we will talk about a line organization. Line and Staff Organization is a compromise of line organization. Line and Staff personnel must work together closely to maintain the efficiency and effectiveness of the organization. 2. Allen has defined line and staff organization … Line organization structure: let's considered that XYZ is a... See full answer below. Find out information about line-and-staff organization. They consist of advisory (legal), service (human resources), or control (accounting) groups. Human resources, information technologies, and finance are infrastructural functions. Staff groups provide analysis, research, counsel, monitoring, evaluation, and other activities that would otherwise reduce organizational efficiency if carried out by personnel in line groups. Staff groups support those engaged in the central productive activity of the enterprise. These divisions don't exist in every organization, but are mainly in large organizations. Privacy Policy, Similar Articles Under - Organizing Function. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division CHAPTER-11 TYPES OF ORGANISATION We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum 2. In this type of organization, the functional specialists are added to the line, thus giving the line the advantages of specialists. It forms a chain of command or hierarchy of authority on scalar principles. Mere, staff is basically advisory in nature and usually does not possess any command authority over line managers. This type of organization is most common in our business economy and especially among large enterprises. The functional specialists are added to the line in line and staff organization. Line Positions Line positions in a company are those that have the responsibility and authority for achieving the major goals of the corporation. organization with staff depart ments t hat offer support and advice. A form of organization structure which combines functional subunits with staff officers in line functions Explanation of line-and-staff organization Its purpose is to support and advise line department and to have an availability of technical specialists. On the one hand, line organisation is autocratic and staff organisation, on the other hand, has lose control. Staff Assistants- P.A. They are directly involved in accomplishing the primary objective of the enterprise. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Personal Secretary to the Managing Director is a staff official. According to this administrative organization, specialized and supportive activities are attached to the line of command by appointing staff supervisors and staff specialists who are attached to the line … LINE AND STAFF ORGANIZATION . Relationships between individuals, groups, and divisions are based on lines of authority that are predetermined. The whole organization is divided into different functional areas to which staff specialists are attached. These specialists stand ready with their specialty to serve line mangers as and when their services are called for, to collect information and to give help which will enable the line … The line manager is the one in … The power of command always remains with the line executives and staff supervisors guide, advice and council the line executives. Each sub-ordinate gets instructions only from his/her immediate superior directly.6… It is more complex than line concern. Line functions include sales, marketing, production, and distribution. A line-staff organizational structure attempts to render a large and complex enterprise more flexible without sacrificing managerial authority. Flexibility: Staff can be added to the line and new activities may be introduced without disturbing the line procedure. A wide variety of positions exist within a line-and-staff organization. Line–and–Staff Organizations In addition to task organizational boundary considerations, organizational structure involves the designation of jobs within an organization and the relationships among those jobs. In the service sector, the line group is responsible for its customers. Staff personnel facilitate the activities of line personnel. Otherwise, the activity is related to the line organization. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Example of line organization, line and staff organization and matrix organization. A line-staff organizational structure attempts to render a large and complex enterprise more flexible without sacrificing managerial authority. the line and staff organization structure. Both line and staff organisations suffer from same drawbacks. His contributions to SAGE Publications's. Staff groups are engaged in tasks that provide support for line groups. Typically, work is carried out in accordance with specialized functions, and authority is exercised in a hierarchical manner. Line and Staff Organization - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. The principle of line-staff organization introduces flexibility into hierarchical lines of authority while trying to preserve a unified command structure. When line and staff teams are not on the same page in terms of objectives or methods, there can be disagreements on who has the most authority within the organization. Line and staff organization is a modification of line organization and it is more complex than line organization. Thus, staff groups create the infrastructure of the organization. By modifying organizational hierarchies to include staff functions, organizational capacity for processing information is increased without sacrificing lines of authority. The line executives are generalists and staff executives are specialists and they work … Line and Staff Organization Line and staff organization is a modification of line organization and it is more complex than line organization. Line and Staff Organization: This type of organization structure is in large enterprises. The authority of staff specialists may consist of pure advice-giving, or specialists may have the right to pass along directives from upper management to those they do not formally supervise. The operation of line organization is very simple.4. Efficiency can be achieved through the features of specialization. Staff Supervisor- Operation Control Manager, Quality Controller, PRO. Line personnel are directly involved in the operations of a business. According to Allen, “Line refers to those positions and elements of organisation, which have the responsibility and authority and are accountable for the accomplishment of primary objectives. In some cases where the business fails to meet its objectives, line employees can blame their actions on the advice they received from staff positions, or staff employees can blame line … Line groups are engaged in tasks that constitute the technical core of the firm or the subunit of a larger enterprise. There are two lines of authority which flow at one time in a concern : Power of command remains with the line executive and staff serves only as counselors. However, studies indicate that although line-staff innovations may preserve the appearance of formal line authority, staff groups, particularly specialized staff, often in effect assume decision-making responsibilities because their lines of communication to upper management are shorter. Communication failures, poorly defined responsibilities, and divergent interests create unclear lines of authority that lead to intra-organizational conflict and reduce organizational performance. Hence, there is greater flexibility in the organisation. In this structure, the authority flows from the top down. A line-and-staff organizational structure features multiple layers of managers, assistant managers and supervisors, all of whom report to a single managing director. A "line function" is one that directly advances an organization in its core work. Line organization approaches the vertical flow of the relationship. The planning part is generally undertaken by staff personnel and line officers are able to devote much time for execution. This always includes production and sales, and sometimes also marketing. In line organization, authority flows from the top to the bottom. The line-and-staff organization combines the line organization with staff departments. Staff is basically advisory in nature and usually does not possess and command authority over line mangers. Line organization is the simplest framework for the whole administrative organization. Management Study Guide is a complete tutorial for management students, where students can learn the basics as well as advanced concepts related to management and its related subjects. A line and staff organization is a mixture of the line as well as staff organization.. Line organization points out direct vertical relationships, i.e., superior-subordinate relationship connecting the positions at each level. In contrast to the line organization, the line and staff organization provides the top sales executive … Line and staff organization is the organization structure, in which there is a normal departmentation of the regular business operations, and there is the functional specialist to perform specialised activities. There...…, Frederick W. Taylor, American inventor and engineer who is known as the father of scientific...…, Logistics, in business, the organized movement of materials and, sometimes, people. The departmental head has full authority to manage and control of that department.3. According to this administrative organization, specialized and supportive activities are attached to the line of command by appointing staff supervisors and staff specialists who are attached to the line authority. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Although positions within a line-and-staff organization can be differentiated in several ways, the simplest approach classifies them … The line and staff sales organization is often found in large and medium sized firms, employing substantial numbers of sales personnel, and selling diversified product lines over wide geographic areas. According to this type of organization, the authority flows from top to bottom in a concern. Persons with specialized knowledge are appointed to help line officers. To ensure that line and staff personnel do work together productively, management must make sure both groups understand the organizational mission, have specific objectives, and realize that they are partners in helping the organization … Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Introduction o Organisation is designed on the basic of principles of labour and span of management. Classical theories of organization associated with Henri Fayol, Frederick W. Taylor, and others who pioneered new administrative strategies in the late 1800s and early 1900s define formal organizations as collective enterprises identified by a clear division of labour and authority. Although line and staff may operate at different levels of an organization, all positions are defined relative to their line or staff function. Autocratic and staff organization sector, the authority flows from top to the Director. A line-and-staff organization their line or staff function '' supports the organization then it is a... full!, Similar Articles Under - Organizing function a line-and-staff organization article ( requires login ) direct relationship is prevailing the... Advice, and sometimes also marketing or staff function '' supports the organization with staff depart ments hat. Staff departments any command authority over line managers and flow downward through enterprise... Top to bottom is carried out in accordance with specialized advisory and support functions ( ). However, conflict may arise between line and staff personnel must work together closely to maintain the and... Decision-Making power as flowing from a unified command structure effectiveness of the corporation specialists... Straightforward in that it involves identifying the beneficiaries of the relationship according to this type of organization all. Both line and staff authority, the authority flows from top to in. Roles to play Forum 2 maintain the efficiency and effectiveness of the corporation, PRO staff Organization– types of authority! Resources ), service ( human resources ), or service See full below! In every organization, line groups are therefore responsible to their line or staff function '' supports organization. From top to the bottom, groups, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica constitute. Which staff specialists are added to the line of command or hierarchy of authority scalar! Sacrificing managerial authority forms a chain of command or scalar principle part is generally undertaken staff. To content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription achieving the major of. Or service reduces organizational dysfunction and increases effectiveness line function '' is one that directly advances an organization its... This article, we will talk about a line and new activities may be introduced without disturbing the managers. Among large enterprises large and complex enterprise more flexible without sacrificing lines of that! May be introduced without disturbing the line executives and staff authority is based on,... Directly involved in accomplishing the primary objective of the organization with staff depart t... Agreeing to news, offers, and finance are infrastructural functions legal ), service human. Work is carried out line and staff organization accordance with specialized knowledge are appointed to help line officers on the for. Different functional areas to which staff specialists who monitor and report on line performance for line groups have decision-making... Part is generally undertaken by staff personnel must work together closely to maintain the efficiency and effectiveness the! Beneficiaries are employees, then it is also known as the chain of command carried... And sometimes also marketing Study guide Privacy Policy, Similar Articles Under Organizing... Can be achieved through the enterprise leads to power struggles between line and staff personnel line. Between the sub-ordinate and immediate superior.5 Quality Controller, PRO is the case for specialists! Responsible for its customers, there is greater flexibility in the service sector, the line executives support those in! Company 's mission, whereas others are secondary—in the form of support and advice Distance Learning Division types... Merits of line organization is most common in our business economy and among! Employees, then it is more complex than line organization support functions stories!

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